Typically, stomach pain is caused by acidic stomach contents, excess gas, gastritis, or eating contaminated food. Which, in addition to pain, can also cause vomiting and diarrhea. Ideally, stomach pain should be assessed by a gastroenterologist to indicate the most appropriate treatment, depending on the cause of the pain.
Physicians prescribe medicines that are acid inhibitors such as omeprazole or esomeprazole. Antacids such as aluminum or magnesium hydroxide and; remedies that accelerate gastric emptying such as domperidone.
Antacids work by neutralizing stomach acid, which is produced to help digest food. By neutralizing the acid, the walls of the stomach stop being attacked by the acid, making the pain and burning better.
These medications are usually made from magnesium hydroxide, calcium, or sodium bicarbonate. Some examples of antacid medications are Melox, Alka-Seltzer, Calcid antacid, Riopan, Facidex, Uvasal, among others.
Inhibitors of acid production (stomach pain)
Acid-suppressing drugs reduce the amount of hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach, reducing pain and injuries such as ulcers, for example. Some of these medicines are: omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole.
Stimulants of intestinal motility
- Medicines to empty the stomach, called prokinetics, work by accelerating intestinal transit, making food stay in the stomach for less time. Medications that accelerate gastric emptying are also used to treat cases of reflux and vomiting. Some examples are domperidone, metoclopramide or cisapride.
- There are also gastric protectors. Which cover the stomach and protect it from gastric acid, avoiding the sensation of burning and pain.
The body has a mechanism in which it produces mucus that protects the walls of the stomach, preventing acid from coming into direct contact with them and causing injury. However, in some cases, the production of this mucus can decrease.
The stomach protectors that can be used to replace this mucus are sucralfate and bismuth salts. Which improve the stomach’s defenses and form a protective barrier.
Furthermore, these drugs should not be used without indication or medical supervision. In addition to this, there are more specific cases in which other medications may be prescribed.
Home remedies for stomach pain
Stomach pain can also be relieved with home remedies. Which are a great option as an adjunct to your doctor’s prescribed treatment. Some examples of home remedies to treat stomach pain are congorosa, pink pepper, lettuce leaf, dandelion, and mugwort tea.
These teas should be taken 3 to 4 times a day, preferably on an empty stomach and between meals.
In addition to this, it is also important to make some lifestyle changes such as reducing stress; eat a diet low in sweets, fat, and fried foods; engage in regular physical activity; avoid the ingestion of soft drinks and alcoholic beverages and; avoid using cigarettes.
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